From the ashes of Pompeii / Из руин Помпей

   Frozen in time...
   Plaster casts of victims buried following the eruption of Mount Vesuvius around 2,000 years ago.
   They are part of a major exhibition of more than 250 archaeological discoveries in the British Museum about the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
   Jewellery still intact, a cot turned to charcoal... they offer a snapshot of the lives of ordinary people at the time.

Ключевые слова (определение на английском языке)

frozen – stopped moving and completely still

plaster casts – copies of statues or other objects made from plaster: a mixture of white powder and water that becomes hard when it dries

archaeological discoveries – items or information found by archaeologists: people who study the past by looking at objects, graves and buildings from that time

charcoal – hard, black substance made from burned wood

snapshot – a description that tells you about a place or situation at a particular time

Географические названия

Vesuvius – Везувий (действующий вулкан на юге Италии, близ Неаполя)
Pompeii – Помпеи, древнеримский город, погребенный под слоем вулканического пепла в результате извержения Везувия в 79 году. Сейчас – музей под открытым небом. Внесён в Список Всемирного наследия ЮНЕСКО.
Herculaneum – древний город в Италии, около современного Неаполя.


Вставьте слова в нужном месте (в правильной форме):

a) frozen;
b) plaster casts;
c) archaeological discoveries;
d) charcoal;
e) snapshot.

   1. It is comparatively easy to find evidence of human occupation in caves through the dating of ___ from fires or bones from long–ago dinners, Dr Cohen said.
   2. The excavation has revealed artefacts that show a ___ of life in Ireland at least as far back as the 9th century AD.
   3. The gymnast, who won a bronze medal at London 2012, had to stand with her body covered in plaster–filled bandages for an hour while the cast was made. The ___ was then taken back to Ms Giblin's Sussex studio where the artwork was completed.
   4. Recent ___ on the Arabian Peninsula have uncovered evidence of a previously unknown civilisation based in the now arid areas in the middle of the desert.


1) d
2) e
3) b (plaster)
4) c